13. Description of the core message of your event and key topics to be covered (c.100 words):
Milne was born in Liverpool in 1850 and studied at the Royal School of Mines (now part of imperial college, London). He had wide interests in geology, mineral prospecting in Newfoundland and Labrador and at the same time writing papers on ice and rock and on the great auk. When he was only 26 he was appointed Professor of mining and geology in Tokyo and, inspired by the earthquakes that hit that year he invented the horizontal seismograph which allows the detection of different types of waves produced by earthquakes. Milne also studied fossils and anthropology. Milne realised the need for exchange of earthquake readings around the world. Seismic waves are now used to detect "secret" underground nuclear testing and in prospecting for oil and gas.