Archaeology and Anthropology Section The Agriculture and Anthropology Section organised the following event at the 2016 British Science Festival: In the footsteps of our ancestors In 1996, Robin Crompton controversially suggested – at the British Science Festival – that our tree-dwelling ape ancestors walked on two feet rather than dragging their knuckles. Now twenty years later, he recounted his scientific journey researching hominid foot function and collecting evidence to support his theory and reverse the accepted view. President 2016: Professor Robin Crompton, University of LiverpoolPresident 2015: Dr. Matthew Pope, University College LondonPresident 2014: Dr. Susannah Thorpe, University of BirminghamRecorder: Dr. Fiona Coward, Bournemouth UniversityI am an archaeologist whose work focuses on the multidisciplinary study of the evolution of human social life and cognition. I’m interested in how and why humans were able to scale up their social lives from the very small social groups we lived in for much of our prehistory to the global social networks which characterise people’s lives today. Within this broad area I am interested in the relationship between physical and social environments during human evolution, and on the social changes which formed part of the shift from mobile hunting and gathering to settled village life in the early Near East. I am particularly interested in the role material culture plays in these processes.